The demolition of Lincoln Bus Station provided an exciting opportunity to find out more about the history of the area.
Local companies Prospect Archaeology and Allen Archaeology carried out a 10-week excavation under the former bus station from September to November 2016.
The city council is planning an exhibition of the finds later this year. In the meantime, you can see some photos on these pages, with a short video and blog by Gavin Glover, of Allen Archaeology.
Lincoln Bus Station Excavation Blog
Gavin Glover, Allen Archaeology Ltd – October 2016
Archaeological excavations undertaken as part of the redevelopment of Lincoln Bus Station revealed numerous remains dating from the medieval period through to the 19th century.
The team from Allen Archaeology exposed the remains of the Crown Brewery, whose extensive malthouses and other buildings extended across the area of what later became the bus station. The brewery was established in 1856 and was once the largest in Lincoln. Production at the brewery ceased in 1923.
Parts of medieval buildings have also been revealed, beneath the remains of the brewery, and show that this area was at least partially built on during the medieval period. Most of the medieval buildings were poorly preserved, because they had been damaged during the construction of the brewery, but some wall foundations survived, along with a stone-lined pit, or perhaps an underground storeroom.
The medieval buildings had been constructed on sandy terraces created by deliberate landscaping and reclamation of what would have been a damp and marshy area at the start of the medieval period. It would have required considerable effort and resources to bring this damp area into use but the site’s location, close to the river and opposite the main town, made this effort worthwhile.
Many medieval storage and rubbish pits were revealed, containing a wealth of pottery and bone which, after analysis, will tell us much about the everyday lives of the people who lived in the area. Later in the medieval period, huge quantities of soil and rubbish were dumped across the site to further raise the ground level and bring even more land into productive use. Again, this soil contains ‘rubbish’ that will provide the clues to how people lived their lives.