A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is a property rented out by at least 3 people who are not from 1 ‘household’ (for example a family) but share facilities like the bathroom and kitchen. It’s sometimes called a ‘house share’.
A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together. It includes people who are married or living together and people in same-sex relationships.
An HMO must have a licence if it is occupied by 5 or more people.
The full legal definition of House in Multiple Occupation is set out in the Housing Act 2004. The Act says a HMO means a building, or part of a building, such as a flat, that:
The building is occupied by more than one household: