The 2004 Housing Act introduced the need for mandatory licensing. This was due to a trend of the larger, high-risk HMOs being managed poorly. The people who occupy HMOs are amongst the most vulnerable and disadvantaged members of society so being that HMOs are the only housing option for some people, the government recognised that the HMOs are to be regulated.
Licensing was introduced to ensure that:
DASH have produced a landlord guide for HMOs:
Where landlords fail to meet the licensing criteria, the council can intervene by using their powers to ensure that vulnerable tenants can be protected.
HMO stands for Houses in Multiple Occupation, which means a building, or part of a building, such as a flat, that:
The building is occupied by more than one household:
A household is